A big disadvantage of indoor shooting is that the light is not ideal enough, and in most cases, the room light will be too dark. At this time, the flash is clearly a very effective artificial light source that is powerful and diverse.
The light from the built-in flash is often too weak and too cold to destroy the atmosphere of the entire environment. When shooting at a distance of 3 meters, an external flash with an exposure index of at least 36 to 40 must be used. You can ask your friend who knows the flash or a photo dealer about the flash unit for your camera and their performance. When soft lighting is required, you can also place the flash on or near the camera's top, while using reflectors and diffusers for soft lighting, because this enhances the effective lighting area and illuminates with sidelights. Three-dimensional object.
In addition, you can use continuous artificial light instead of flash. Halogen and tungsten are good choices. If the camera's automatic white balance setting does not satisfy you, you may want to try several different white balance settings. If you can't use extra artificial light sources, you can only use the so-called “effective natural light”, which may be the light that shines through the window or artificial light that does not affect normal photography. The advantage of using effective natural light is that the lighting effect is natural.
It is best to place the camera on a tripod when shooting indoors, otherwise, the photos taken may be blurred. If you don't have a tripod, you should also find a stable support point. Hold the camera on a hard object, such as a stool, post, or wall, as long as it is a solid thing, then press the shutter very lightly and release the button. Although this method does not work well with a tripod, it can also appropriately reduce the blurring of the picture caused by camera shake. If you can, use the self-timer to release the shutter.
When shooting in low-light or unstable indoor environments, such as where flash is prohibited, the only option is to increase sensitivity. High-end cameras have a “forced sensitization” feature that allows you to choose from a range of ISO values, such as double or quadruple sensitivity. However, using this method will greatly affect the quality of the photo.
In indoor photography, it is necessary to make reasonable use of window light. The light coming in from the north-facing window is a more directional but still softer light. You can also place a reflector on the opposite side of the window light to reduce the shadows created by the light source, creating a soft and elegant effect.
When shooting portraits with window light, the small room on a light-colored wall reflects more light than the large, darkroom, and the background is brighter. The intensity of the reflected light and the hue of the background can be adjusted by pulling or closing the curtains. The photographer can use the blinds or thick curtains to simulate the effect of hard-light direct light or use thin curtains to turn the oblique light into scattered light or let it have a certain color. Shallow screens can be used as softeners to soften the light. The effect of the sun shining on the colored curtains is the same as that of a floodlight with a color filter.
Indoors, as long as the subject moves a few steps, the contrast between glare and light shadow will change a lot. Thus, adjusting the distance can solve the problem of uneven illumination.
In addition, there are some problems that need not be noticed in outdoor shooting, which have an impact on indoor shooting. For example, if the window is near the red brick wall of the sun, the interior window will be reddish; if the window is outside the garden and there are tall trees, the interior window will be greenish; the window will face the blue sky and the light may be partial. blue. This effect is noticeable indoors rather than outdoors because the window is more selective and does not have a general balance of colors as it is outdoors.
I hope that you enjoy the indoor photography of this little beginner. If you have any other awesome skills, share your opinion in the comments below.